At the time Mongolia was still divided into several tribal confederations, they were nothing but a bunch of warring tribal savages that constantly attacked, raided, pillaged, kidnapped and raped one and another.
It was in such a chaotic era that the boy named Temudjin was born on vast the mongol steppes, as son and heir to the Mongolian Khan, Yesukei.
His father had him betrothed to the daughter of another clan, which is perhaps one of, if not the most important key point of Temudjin’s life, as it would define much of his later actions as well as future.
When he was barely just into his teens, Temudjin’s father was deceitfully poisoned by an enemy tribe after they met him during their travels and offered him some food and as accustomed to Mongolian customs, Yesukei willingly accepted the food.
Temudjin made an attempt to follow in his father’s footsteps and try to become the next Khan of his tribe, but nobody was willing to follow such a young boy, so the mongols left him, choosing someone stronger over the young boy to be their leader. Temudjin, his brothers as well as his mother were left to fend for themselves.
For a period he lived in poverty and famine, his situation worsened when he was captured in a raid and enslaved by yet another rival tribe, which he fortunately managed to escape thanks to the help of an old man that he befriended in the camp.
After escaping captivity Temudjin went to find his fiance Börte and proceeded to take her back to his home in order to present her to his mother.
But the two weren’t happy for long, as the rival tribe known as the Merkits attacked them and kidnapped Börte.
Little did Temudjin know at the time, that this was an act of revenge by the Merkit leader, avenging the fact that Temudjin’s father had taken away his wife from him in the past.
Most mongols would have simply just forgotten about it and went on to find a new wife, but Temudjin wasn’t “most mongols”. As just within the span of a single year, Temudjin successfully raised an army of at least 20, 000 warriors with the help of his fathers friend, Wang Khan and his sworn blood brother’s help, Jamukha.
The Merkits were utterly annihilated in Temudjins attack, to the point that they disappeared from the course history, just like all later enemies of Temudjin. He also successfully retrieved his wife from the enemy’s hands, unfortunately for him she was already pregnant by the time he came to her rescue.
Nevertheless the news of Temudjin’s success spread far and wide in Mongolia, he became famous and more and more mongols flocked under his banner. It didn’t take long for someone to try and stop him from getting too powerful, and it was none other than his own blood-brother Jamukha (who was at the time perhaps the second most powerful Khan) who put a halt to his growth after successfully defeating him in battle.
After the defeat, Temudjin disappeared from the records of history for an entire decade, nobody knows exactly where he went and what he did, there are only theories about.
But it is known that he eventually came back to Mongolia in 1197 and quickly started gathering followers, planning to take resume what he began to do those 10 years ago, which was to become the ruler of all mongols and reform the Mongolian society.
The reason for his popularity amongst the mongols was due to the fact that he was meritocratic and didn’t mind reward those of much lower rank than him. Thus he was the complete opposite of Jamukha who stuck to the Mongolian traditions of “aristocracy” and was disliked due to his cruelty and the dishonorable fashion he defeated Temudjin with.
In the end Jamukha couldn’t stop the rise of his blood-brother for the second time, he was successfully trampled in battle and became little more than a stepping stone in Temudjin’s road to power and glory.
By 1206, Temudjin was the sole ruler of the Mongolian plains, as all other tribes fell weakly or united under his banner. This was the point that he assumed the widely feared title, of Ghenghis Khan.
After this he decided to make the name of the Mongols known to the world and thus he started his lengthy world conquest.
The Tangut Empire, also called Western Xia Dynasty fell first, the destruction of this Empire was significant due to the fact that for centuries they have been the overlords of Mongolia and by destroying them, Ghenghis Khan essentially broke the shackle and unleashed the wrath of the mongols.
1215, Ghenghis Khan conquered the Northern Half of the Jin Dynasty after the messenger of the dynasty defected towards the Khan and told him the location of Jin’s army, needlessly to say they were quickly massacred and in 1234 the dynasty collapsed.
He turned his eyes to the west when the Qara Khitai Khanate was usurped by a Mongolian, a Mongolian whose tribe he had absorbed previously. In order to prevent the rise of this new leader, he sent out his men to attack him. And with just a small army of 20, 000 they succeeded in 1218.
By conquering Qara Khitai, he reached the eastern borders of the Muslim Khwarezmian Empire. But initially he had no plans of conquering it due to the fact that he was continuously waging war for more than 10 years in a row, which was exhausting his troops, so instead of war, he wanted to establish a peaceful relationship of trade with the Khwarezmians.
However the 500 merchants he sent into Khwarezmia were attacked, imprisoned and had their valuables stolen by a khwarezmian governor. Ghenghis Khan didn’t hesitate to immediately take this matter to the Khwarezmian Shah himself, who was obviously named Muhammad by sending him 3 of his ambassadors, 2 mongols and 1 Muslim.
In his message Ghenghis Khan addressed himself as the Ruler Rising Sun, while he described Muhammad as the Ruler of Setting Sun and pretty much said what essentially boiled down to: that he if he wants to live then he should cooperate.
But even after this, Muhammad still had the bright idea of executing the Muslim ambassador and shaving the 2 Mongolian ones.
The Great Khan flew into a rage upon hearing this, for the Shah had just did something that not even he would have done, that was to violate the sanctity of the ambassadors, which Ghenghis considered to be sacred.
It was at this exact moment that Temudjin decided to wipe of the Great Khwarezmian Empire off the face of the Earth. Quite the task considering the Shahdom was the strongest Muslim power at the time.
But despite the supposed strength of the kwarezmians, the Mongols destroyed them in battle and conquered them in just a span of 3 years!
It was during this time that Ghenghis attained his hatred of Islam, viewing it as a weak and slave-like religion, which was quite ironic considering he was actually religiously tolerant and was actually interested in Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Christianity despite being a Tengriist.
You know that that Khan had a certain skill for theatrics and drama when he gathered up as many Muslim’s as he could into a Mosque and proclaimed that he was the Scourge of God sent here to punish the Muslims for their great sins.
A very large amount of the population was massacred and entire cities were destroyed by the mongols. The descendants of Ghenghis Khan continued the tradition of annihilating Muslims even after his death in 1227, essentially accomplishing what the Crusades could never do.
Naturally the Muslims are still butthurt enough about the mongols to make videos like this.
So let’s just recount everything:
- Temudjin lost everything early in his youth
- Was even enslaved once
- Had his wife kidnapped and impregnated
- But despite all the events that piled up against him, he raised an army and rescued his wife
- Attained fame and glory
- Made the Mongol name known, feared and respected throughout the world
- Destroyed 3 large empires in his lifetime
- Destroyed all the other Mongolian confederations
- Erased the Merkits and Khwarezmians off the face of the Earth
- Created the single largest land Empire in history
- He and his descendants single-handedly ended the Golden Age of Muslim civilization
- Brought law and order to the Mongols and reformed their society
- Ensured the spread of his genome ( 8% of men in central Asia are related to the Khan, that’s 0.5% of the world)
- Is a leader that is still remembered fondly by his people
Ghenghis Khan who was once nothing but a mere slave rose into the positions of an Emperor all by his strength and wits. Yet in comparison our modern society is full of people who say words like “I can’t do it” or “It’s impossible, no point in trying.” are full of bullshit. If an Illiterate Mongolian Steppe Nomad could do what he did in his lifetime, then you as a relatively free-er man have no right whatsoever you to say those words. You are only making pathetic excuses for yourself, nothing more.
Temudjin/Ghenghis Khan is the ultimate example that humans aren’t limited by anything other than their willpower and imagination. Ghenghis Khan believed he could conquer the world and so he did. While the modern person thinks he cannot become anything and thus he doesn’t become anything.